Convertirse en padre: factores que influyen en la experiencia prenatal



Palabras clave:

men, parents, pregnancy, nursing


Objective: To understand the experiences of men in the transition to paternity during the prenatal period, in order to contribute to integral assistance to the family. Methodology: Qualitative, exploratory, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study. Theoretical sampling, with the participation of 10 men experiencing, for the first time, the partner's pregnancy. Data collection performed using semi-structured interview. Data analysis using content analysis technique, semantic categorization and inductive approach. Results: The theme of (de)constructing bridges for transition emerges from the data and seeks to clarify the conditions that favour or otherwise inhibit the experience of a positive transition experience by men, along the path to paternity. It encompasses seven categories: support received, seeking information, previous experience with babies, feeling prepared to be a father, having a child is a life goal, meaning attributed to the transition and exclusion from the father figure. Conclusion: Men take a proactive stance during pregnancy and try to get involved but find obstacles and no bridges to their transition. The environments of expectant fathers are in care practices are fragile, which hinders deeper involvement in parenting and compromises overcoming the transition process.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Alio, A. P., Lewis, C. A., Scarborough, K., Harris, K., & Fiscella, K. (2013). A community perspective on the role of fathers during pregnancy: a qualitative study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 13(1), 1-11. doi:

Åsenhed, L., Kilstam, J., Alehagen, S., & Baggens, C. (2014). Becoming a father is an emotional roller coaster–an analysis of first‐time fathers′ blogs. Journal of clinical nursing, 23(9-10), 1309-1317. doi:

Baldwin, S., Malone, M., Sandall, J., & Bick, D. (2018). Mental health and wellbeing during the transition to fatherhood: a systematic review of first time fathers’ experiences. JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports, 16(11), 2118-2191. doi:

Bardin, L. (2018). Análise de conteúdo (Edição revista e actualizada). Lisboa: Edições 70.

Barimani, M., Vikström, A., Rosander, M., Forslund Frykedal, K., & Berlin, A. (2017). Facilitating and inhibiting factors in transition to parenthood–ways in which health professionals can support parents. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 31(3):537-546. doi:

Baldwin, S., Malone, M., Sandall, J., & Bick, D. (2019). A qualitative exploratory study of UK first time fathers’ experiences, mental health and wellbeing needs during their transition to fatherhood. BMJ Open, 9, e030792. doi:

Bawadi, H. A., Qandil, A. M., Al-Hamdan, Z. M., & Mahallawi, H. H. (2016). The role of fathers during pregnancy: A qualitative exploration of Arabic fathers’ beliefs. Midwifery, 32, 75-80. doi:

Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (2013). Investigação qualitativa em educação: uma introdução à teoria e aos métodos. Porto: Porto Editora.

Carlson, J., Kendall, A., & Edleson, J. L. (2015). Becoming a Good Father: The Developmental Engine of First-Time Fatherhood. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers, 13(3), 182-202. doi:

Castoldi, L., Gonçalves, T. R., & Lopes, R. C. S. (2014). Envolvimento paterno da gestação ao primeiro ano de vida do bebê. Psicologia em estudo, 19(2), 247-259. doi:

Darvill, R., Skirton, H., & Farrand, P. (2010). Psychological factors that impact on women’s experiences of first-time motherhood: a qualitative study of the transition. Midwifery, 26(3), 357-366. doi:

Darwin, Z., Galdas, P., Hinchliff, S., Littlewood, E., McMillan, D., McGowan, L., & Gilbody, S. (2017). Fathers’ views and experiences of their own mental health during pregnancy and the first postnatal year: a qualitative interview study of men participating in the UK Born and Bred in Yorkshire (BaBY) cohort. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 17(1), 1-15. doi:

Ekström, A., Arvidsson, K., Falkenström, M., & Thorstensson, S. (2013). Fathers’ feelings and experiences during pregnancy and childbirth: A qualitative study. Journal of Nursing & Care, 2(2), 1-5. doi:

Fabian, H., Sarkadi, A., & Åhman, A. (2015). Challenges and benefits of conducting parental classes in Sweden: Midwives’ perspectives. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 6(4), 236-242. doi:

Fortin, M. (2009). O processo de investigação: da concepção à prática (3a ed.). Loures: Lusociência.

González-Sanz, J. D., Barquero González, A., Sánchez Martín, M., Hidalgo Hidalgo, M., & León López, R. (2017). Satisfacción de gestantes y acompañantes en relación con el Programa de Educación Maternal en Atención Primaria. Matronas profesión, 18(1), 27-33. Recuperado de

Hodgson, S., Painter, J., Kilby, L., Hirst, J. (2021). The experiences of first-time fathers in perinatal services: Present but invisible. Healthcare, 9(2), 161. doi:

Kowlessar, O., Fox, J. R., & Wittkowski, A. (2015a). The pregnant male: a metasynthesis of first-time fathers’ experiences of pregnancy. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33(2), 106-127. doi:

Kowlessar, O., Fox, J. R., & Wittkowski, A. (2015b). First-time fathers’ experiences of parenting during the first year. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33(1), 4-14. doi:

Lagarto, A., & Duaso, M. J. (2021). Fathers’ experiences of fetal attachment: A qualitative study. Infant Mental Health Journal, 1-12. doi:

Lau, R, & Hutchinson, A. (2020). A narrative review of parental education in preparing expectant and new fathers for early parental skills. Midwifery, 94, 102644. doi:

Livingston, J D., Youssef, G. J., StGeorge, J., Wynter, K., Dowse, E., Francis, L. M.,… Macdonald, J. A. (2021). Paternal coping and psychopathology during the perinatal period: A mixed studies systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 88, 102028. doi:

Meleis, A. I., Sawyer, L. M., Im, E.-O., Messias, D. K. H., & Schumacher, K. L. (2010). Experiencing transitions: an emerging middle-range theory. En Transitions Theory Middle-Range and Situation-Specific Theories in Nursing Research and Practice (pp. 52–64). New York: Springer publishing company. Recuperado de

Ngai, F.-W., & Lam, W. (2020). The experience of first-time Hong Kong Chinese fatherhood: A qualitative exploratory study. Nursing & Health Sciences, 22, 723-731. doi:

Nash, M. (2018). Addressing the needs of first-time fathers in Tasmania: A qualitative study of father-only antenatal groups. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 26, 106-111. doi:

Pålsson, P., Persson, E. K., Ekelin, M., Hallström, I. K., & Kvist, L. J. (2017). First-time fathers experiences of their prenatal preparation in relation to challenges met in the early parenthood period: Implications for early parenthood preparation. Midwifery, 50, 86-92. doi:

Parry, Y. K., Ankers, M. D., Abbott, S., Willis L., Thorpe, L., O’Brien, T., Richards, C. (2019). Antenatal dads and first year families program: a qualitative study of fathers’ and program facilitators’ experiences of a community-based program in Australia. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 20(e154), 1-9. doi:

Plantin, L., Olukoya, A. A., & Ny, P. (2011). Positive health outcomes of fathers’involvment in pregnancy and childbirth paternal support: a scope study literature review. Fathering, 9(1), 87-102. doi:

Poh, H. L., Koh, S. S. L., & He, H. (2014). An integrative review of fathers’ experiences during pregnancy and childbirth. International nursing review, 61(4), 543-554. doi:

Poh, H. L., Koh, S. S. L., Seow, H. C. L., & He, H.-G. (2014). First-time fathers’ experiences and needs during pregnancy and childbirth: A descriptive qualitative study. Midwifery, 30(6), 779-787. doi:

Reinicke, K. (2020). First-Time Fathers’ Attitudes Towards, and Experiences With, Parenting Courses in Denmark. American Journal of Men’s Health, 14(5), 1557988320957546. doi:

Rominov, H., Giallo, R., Pilkington, P. D., & Whelan, T. A. (2017). Midwives’ perceptions and experiences of engaging fathers in perinatal services. Women and Birth. doi:

Tokhi, M., Comrie-Thomson, L., Davis, J., Portela, A., Chersich, M., & Luchters, S. (2018). Involving men to improve maternal and newborn health: a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions. PLoS One, 13, e0191620. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191620

Villamor, N. J. E., de Guzman, A. B., & Matienzo, E. T. (2016). The Ebb and Flow of Filipino First-Time Fatherhood Transition Space: A Grounded Theory Study. American journal of men’s health, 10(3), N51-N62. doi:

Widarsson, M., Engström, G., Tydén, T., Lundberg, P., & Hammar, L. M. (2015). ‘Paddling upstream’: Fathers’ involvement during pregnancy as described by expectant fathers and mothers. Journal of clinical nursing, 24(7-8), 1059-1068. doi:

Wiklund, I., Wiklund, J., Pettersson, V., & Boström, A.-M. (2018). New parents’ experience of information and sense of security related to postnatal care: A systematic review. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 17, 35-42. doi:

World Health Organization (2015). WHO recommendations on health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health. Geneva: World Health Organization

Xue, W. L., He, H.-G., Chua, Y. J., Wang, W., & Shorey, S. (2018). Factors influencing first-time fathers’ involvement in their wives’ pregnancy and childbirth: A correlational study. Midwifery, 62, 20-28. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2018.03.002

Zvara, B. J., Schoppe‐Sullivan, S. J., & Dush, C. K. (2013). Fathers’ involvement in child health care: associations with prenatal involvement, parents’ beliefs, and maternal gatekeeping. Family relations, 62(4), 649-661. doi:



Estadísticas en RUA



Cómo citar

Maia Silva, C. S., & Martins, C. A. (2023). Convertirse en padre: factores que influyen en la experiencia prenatal. Cultura De Los Cuidados, 27(65), 169–184.